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Hello and Happy Hangul day ^_^ - Lesson 1

Hello everyone who's reading.
To introduce myself, I am an English literature student and I have been teaching myself Korean for the past year and half. Since my friends have become interested in learning it too, I thought it would be a good idea to make a livejournal to not just help them out but as a way for me to revise those things I have been learning over the past year.
This is my first post here and since tomorrow (actually in about 2 hrs) it's going to be October 9th which is Hangul day. I thought it would be fun to start off with a little run through of the korean alphabets ^_^
This is not all of them, for today I thought it best to stick with consonants, since I found that it was  going on and on, ㅋㅋㅋㅋ




- k

The letter is equivalent to the English letter k but it’s a teeny more complicated than that because at times it sounds like a G as in the word ‘get’.

Eg.  The Korean word for MEAT is …. Kogi (고기)  the first is pronounced ‘K’ whilst the second sound s more like a ‘g’. Personally I can’t give you a specific reason because I don’t know why myself yet. But it’s not something big you have to worry about right now, it’s not much of a difference. ^__^

- n

Ee.g. 누나 --> noona (older sister), 나무 Namu (tree), --> Na ( ‘I’ [informal])

-d

The letter is equivalent to the letter D in English but as I mentioned before it is not a completely so. This letter has a tendency to sound like a ‘t’ at times but again do not worry yourself too much about this just yet, you’ll get used to the nuances as you hear the language more and more.

 

-r/l

 with  the it is either pronounced as R or L according to where it comes in the word or syllable. If is at the beginning of a word it is pronounced as L but if it is in the middle of a word or at the end but is followed by a vowel sound, then it is pronounced as R.

eg. 런던 ---> London ….. here the is pronounced as L

그림àkeurim (drawing) …… here the pronounced as R

- m

Very straight forward this one, equivalent to ‘m’

e.g. 미소--> miso (smile), --> mori (head), 미래--> mirae (future)

- b

 is equivalent to the letter B but yet AGAIN we have the letter that has slight nuances in the way it is pronounced according to the word, and you guessed it…. It can sound like a P sometimes. To be honest what I do is think of all these letters as a halfway letter between the two and that usually helps.

e.g. 바보--> pabo (see?)  (fool),

 

- s

This letter is equivalent to the English letter S and is often pronounced the same. This is because when it comes before certain vowels it makes the SH sound, but I’ll get to that next time, when we actually start to learn writing ^_^

 e.g. --> so (cow), 세트-->seteu (set), --> seuki (Ski), --> sagwa (apple)

- silent or ..ng

Although this is a consonant it is ALWAYS silent IF it is in the beginning of a SYLLABLE.  Hangul is written in syllables, so each word is made up of a number of syllables, consonants and vowels cannot stand on their own. And every syllable HAS to start with a consonant; so what happens when words start with vowel sounds you say? Well that just means they start with this consonant as it is silent at the beginning of a syllable ^__^

e.g. 엄마--> eomma (mom),  오리--> ori (duck), 엉덩이--> eongdeong-i (butt) {notice that in each syllably it ends with --NG sound, that's the ㅇ letter as it changes according to it's placement.}

- ch

This letter has the same situation I mentioned for the letters and . It is the equivalent of ch but varies between ‘ch’ and ‘j’ sound.

e.g. 저기--> cheogi (there), --> cheo (‘I’ [formal])


Aspirated Consonants

This just means that when you’re saying them you need to have a little more air coming out of your mouth. As you can see these letters look a lot like some of the other consonants mentioned above, and yes they sound very similar except they’re aspirated.

- ch

e.g. 친구 --> Chingu (friend), 축구--> chukgu (football)

- k

e.g. --> King , -->  ko (nose)

- t

e.g. 타워--> tawo (tower)

- p

e.g. 핑크--> pinkeu (Pink), 파란-->paran (blue), 프랑스--> parangseu (France)

- H

e.g. 회오리--> hwe-o-ri (tornado), 힙합--> hiphap (hip hop), 호텔--> hotel (hotel)

 

I’ll end it there for today, next week I’m going to go into the vowel sounds and start off on the basics of writing hangul.

 

Please ask any questions if you need something explained or if you just want to give an opinion.

^__^

Comments

sammy_010
Oct. 20th, 2010 10:24 pm (UTC)
SO HELPFUL!!! i seriously need the children's books with the big-ass letters to help me practice :S x
sammy_010
Oct. 20th, 2010 10:26 pm (UTC)
ps. your pic is HOT . lolll
sammy_010
Oct. 20th, 2010 10:27 pm (UTC)
HOTHOTHOT
euphoniousbee
Oct. 22nd, 2010 10:32 pm (UTC)
LOOOOOOOL!!
Sam, you is FUNNY :P

Glad you liked it though.
I'll try and get a LOT more into the next lessons so you get more out of it ^___^

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